Indeed, the human body is a beautiful tapestry with parts that all are essential in living a quality life. The brain is responsible for speech, movement of the body, memory, thoughts, and controls the function of organs within the body. The heart, on the other hand, pumps 2000 gallons of blood every day throughout the body removing wastes and providing oxygen and nutrients in the tissues. Case in point, every single part or organ of the body is essential for all the parts to function. Another thing that made the human body exciting is how it can respond to a particular disease or a threat that will harm the body; it is the immune system.
The protective immune system fights off foreign organisms like bacteria and viruses to infect the body. This defense mechanism in the body locates damaged cells and pathogens to begin the healing process. When the immune system is attacking the cells to treat it, inflammation occurs. Inflammation symptoms may be hurtful and uncomfortable, but it is a sign that the body is healing itself. It is the body’s sign that it is removing harmful stimuli and as a part of the immune system, any damages and issues within the body would not be able to heal without an inflammatory response. It is an essential part of the healing process as some of the wounds are swelling. Always remember that without inflammation, wounds and other infections would never heal.
Inflammation can be classified into two; chronic and acute. The latter kind occurs after minor scratches, sore throat, or sprained ankle. The symptoms of acute inflammation are swelling, pain, and redness. Experiencing acute inflammation causes increased in the blood of flow, dilating blood vessels, and white blood cells attack the injured area. When the body heals, the inflammation subsides. While chronic inflammation happens when the immune system stays leaving the body in a state of alert, this inflammation has a negative impact on the tissues and organs, and the long-term effects of it can result in an overactive immune response. Chronic inflammation can eventually cause diseases and illness.
However, inflammation can cause harm, why? Inflammation can be uncontrolled that the immune system automatically attacks mistakenly striking healthy tissues and cells without the infection. The longer the process of inflammation the more problematic it can become as it can linger and stay where it is not needed. It is caused by white blood cells that swarms in the body that attacks misdirected inflammation in a healthy organ.
Before we gave the list of health condition with inflammation, let us know first the minor or acute inflammation and how it can affect the body. First, inflammation of the kidneys, it may cause kidney failure if not managed well and also high blood pressure. Second is inflammation of the heart, and it can cause fluid retention (a life-threatening heart condition), and shortness of breath. Lastly, the inflammation of the lungs may cause difficulty in breathing and shortness of breath.
Here’s the list of common diseases with inflammation:
1. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) – It is one of many types of arthritis and inflammatory disease where the immune system is mistakenly damaging the body tissues in the joints causing inflammation. It results in stiffness and pain in the joints, wrists, knees, ankles, and elbows. The inactivity of the joints making it very painful, particularly in the morning. The treatment for RA is medications to ease the symptoms and treatments to regulate the immune system. Exercise and diet are also essential in treating RA.
2. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) – Lupus is an autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks healthy tissues of the body without the presence of a threat. The symptoms are swollen lymph nodes, butterfly-shaped rash on the face, arthritis of the wrist, fingers, and joints, chest pains, and hair loss. However, symptoms may be different from person to person. Having lupus can increase the risk of hypertension, kidney failure, blood clots, lung diseases, and heart diseases. Although it has no cure, there are many possible treatments like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, and many more.
3. Vasculitis – It is referred to a group of inflammatory diseases that affects the blood. These inflammations can narrow and weaken the vessel lining. In some cases, forming small clots that may result in damage to the tissues of organs including lung, skin, kidney, nerves, and the brain. All blood vessels including veins and arteries are all affected and may be damaged considering the condition life-threatening. The most common vasculitis are Kawasaki disease, polyarteritis nodosa, and Behcet’s disease. The symptoms depend on the type of vasculitis and which blood vessels are affected. General symptoms are ulcers in the mouth and genitals, high blood pressure, rashes, seizures, and neurological changes. Immunosuppressant therapy is required in patients with IV medications to control the symptoms.
4. Sjogren’s syndrome – This systemic autoimmune disease is a chronic illness that affects the lacrimal glands in the eye and salivary glands in the mouth. The primary type of the disease cause dry mouth, dry eyes, joint pain, and fatigue. However, Sjogren’s syndrome may precede lupus. Early diagnosis is beneficial for patients to control the symptoms and prevent a further medical condition associated with Sjogren’s syndrome.
5. Periodontitis – It is one of the most common human diseases and also known as gum disease. This is a condition where gums and deeper periodontal structures are inflamed. This inflammation may cause swelling, redness, bleeding of gums during brushing of teeth. The immune system defends the gums to the bacterias present. If not treated by dentist’s cleaning, or surgical procedures, the inflammation can spread to the roots of the teeth causing loosening and loss of teeth.
6. Crohn’s Disease – This condition affects the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Crohn’s disease commonly affects small bowel. This is considered an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the inflammation can spread from mouth to colon. It damages the bowel wall that can result in rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, constipation, and diarrhea. Losing weight can also be the result of having Crohn’s disease because of appetite loss.
There are many diseases with inflammation but given are the most common. People should check with the doctor and schedule an annual check-up. An inflammatory disease usually starts slow that individuals did not feel symptoms.